Tirich Mir is a mountain located in Chitral Valley, Pakistan. The mountain itself is a part of the Hindu-Kush Range. Tirich Mir is just near the northern border of Pakistan with Afghanistan. The mountain’s name is derived from Wakhi, a language spoken in the remote regions of Northern Pakistan. In Wakhi, Tirich means shadow and Mir means Darkness, hence Tirich Mir translates to King of Darkness. The most probable reason for this name is due to the fact that Tirich Mir casts long shadows over the Wakhan Corridor, which is inside Afghanistan and forms the Northern border of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Tirich Mir is the 33rd tallest mountain in the world and the 16th tallest in Pakistan. It’s also the tallest, in the Hindu-Kush mountain range.
Outside the Himalayas and Karokaram ranges, it’s the tallest mountain in the world.
The mountain is known to have a lot of dangerous and deep crevasses. It is believed that many trekkers and climbers have lost their lives by falling into these cracks. The difficult to climb glacier, and bad weather on the mountain is also another threat to climbers. So, the peak should only be scaled by professional climbers.
Tirich Mir can be reached after crossing the small village of Tirich in Chitral, which is also the last village before reaching the mountain.
The valley surrounding the mountain is very fertile and has a lot of fruit plants like apricots, apples, pears, pomegranate, mulberry, persimmon and walnuts.
Tirich Mir has a maximum height of 7708m. The mountain has seven smaller peaks too, all of which are above 7000m.
These summits are Tirich Mir North, Tirich Mir South, Tirich Mir East, Tirich Mir West I , Tirich Mir West II , Tirich Mir West III and Tirich Mir West IV.
The main peak of Tirich Mir(7708m) was first climbed successfully in 1950, by a group of climbers from Norway led by philosopher and writer Arne Naess. The peak was last climbed in 2016 by two French engineers.
Tirich Mir North, at 7056m, was climbed by a team of German and Austrian climbers in 1965.
Tirich Mir South, at 7100m, is yet to be climbed successfully. No one has reached the top of this summit.
Tirich Mir East is 7692m tall and was first scaled in 1964 by climbers from Norway.
Tirich Mir West I, at 7487m, was first climbed by a team if Czech climbers in 1967.
Tirich Mir West II, at 7500m, was first scaled successfully in 1974 by climbers from Italy.
Tirich Mir West III, at 7400m, was climbed in 1974 by French mountaineers.
Tirich Mir West IV, at 7338m, was climbed for the first time in 1967 by Austrian climbers.
The mountain’s higher elevations are covered in snow throughout the year and temperatures are quite low. Temperatures recorded on the mountain at a height of 4245m show an annual average temperature ranging from -23°C to 0°C. At even greater heights the temperatures drop to -35°C or even lower than that.