Mughal Architecture was the specific architectural style that was developed by the Mughal Dynasty from the 16th through the 18th century. This period was the extent of time of their empire in the Indian subcontinent. It was the successful blend, and coming together of Islamic, Persian, and Indian architecture as a whole. These Mughal Emperors were able to create a whole new look in architecture that is still marveled today.
- The Mughal dynasty came into being in 1526, after Babur of Panipat won a victory. Babur reigned for a period of five years, and it was he, who showed a strong interest in erecting buildings.
- Babur’s grandson named Akbar was the one responsible for a lot more of the style. This is because, he built vigorously during his reign, and the Mughal architectural style developed a much stronger presence than that of his grandfather Babur.
- Some of the architectural accomplishments that Akbar made during his reign include a special tomb, that Akbar built for his father Humayun, the Agra Fort, Attock Fort and the fort city of Fatehphur Sikri.
- After Akbar, his son Jahangir carried on his legacy of construction and had the Shalimar Gardens in Kashmir to be built.
- Mughal architecture reached its paramount, as well as, greatness during the reign of Shah Jahan. It was Shah Jahan who was responsible for the construction of some the very fine landmarks of the subcontinent. Some of these landmarks include the Jama Masjid Delhi, the Red Fort, and the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore.
- The famous Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore was also commissioned during his reign.
- The most famous of all Mughal monuments, the Taj Mahal was also built by Shah Jahan.
- The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan as a forever lasting memory, and tribute to, his wife named Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal was completed being built in 1648 and its name stands for “teardrop on the cheek of eternity”. Its very long plane of runs through the entire complex. The sarcophagus of Shah Jahan placed off center and this is in the crypt room that lies below the main floor of Taj Mahal.
- Shah Jahan’s son, Aurangzeb, built the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.
Mughal Architecture is without a doubt one of the most beautiful of all architectural styles in the world. The Taj Mahal itself is an awesome example of this. Not only does it denote great beauty about itself, but also, shows the great strength of an Empire that ruled for a very long time in India. Mughal Architecture tells us of a time when the reigning monarchs were interested in building up their Empire with great monuments and landmarks to stand the test of time.