Mars is a planet just like our earth, however a dead one,well at least for now.Mars is probably the most known planet ever because of its extreme similarity to Earth.Scientists have discovered frozen ice on mars now, and are hopeful that life on Mars may exist or may have existed once a long time ago.
Mars is named after the Roman God of war.
Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system.
It is also called the red planet because the iron oxide present on its surface gives it a red color.
Mars has the second highest mountain of the solar system with height of about 22 km(3 times taller than Mt. Everest).
Mars has two known moons, Phobos and Deimos, which are small and irregularly shaped.
Mars has polar caps like Earth, but they contain frozen Carbon Dioxide instead of water.
Scientists believe Mars had water once and maybe a blue sky too, but it is unlikely that it had grass,trees and plants like Earth has now.
Mars is approximately half the size of Earth.
It is home to Valles Marineris, one of the largest canyons of the solar system.It has a length of 4000 km and a depth of up to 7 km.It was caused when volcanoes erupting around it tore up the land, leaving a huge valley.
The Sun appears about half the size on Mars as it does from Earth.
Mars has seasons like earth.The seasons are about twice those of Earth’s.
One year on Mars is 687 days long.
The total mass of mars is only 10% the mass of earth.
The surface of Mars is too cold for water to exist as liquid.
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